The hostname are aliases or labels used to identify easily each device within a network. In Linux desktop versions, is the “computer name” that we are asked to specify during the installation. In this example, we can see how that hostname can be changed.
For this example, Linux Mint 18 has been used.
1. What is a hostname?
In a network, each device is identified with a unique IP address. When we have to deal with a mid-size network, we may have difficulties to identify each host’s IP address by head, since the IP addresses do not tell us anything about the host.
To make the identification of the hosts of a network easier, we can use “aliases”, known as hostnames. The hostnames can be compounded by a set of alphanumeric, and others, characters. So, for example, if we had a printer with a hypothetical
192.168.1.35 IP address, we could set, e.g.,
printer hostname for it, being able to access the device by that name (and, of course, with the IP too).
As said before, in this example, we will see how to change the hostname of our Linux devices. We will see two ways, each one with its own implications.
2. Changing the hostname with “hostname” command
hostname command is the command used for hostname related configurations. If we execute it without any parameter, it will return the hostname of the computer. So:
Will return something like, e.g., the following:
There are more options for the
hostname for showing information, like DNS domain name or FQDN (Fully Qualified Domain Name), but which that not apply for this example.
2.1. Changing the hostname
Note: this method applies the changes immediately, but they’ll be lost after system restart.
For changing the hostname with
hostname command, we just have to execute it, just passing the wanted new hostname as parameter (with root permissions).
sudo hostname <new-hostname>
sudo hostname julen-VAIO
3. Changing the hostname manually
To modify the host name manually, we have to modify the file
/etc/hostname. If we look at its content, we will just see a single line, with the name of the hostname:
cat /etc/hostname # Will return the hostname
So, to change the hostname, just open the file with your favorite editor, and overwrite it with the new hostname:
sudo vim /etc/hostname
Note: after editing the
/etc/hostname, we have to restart the system to make the changes work.
After restarting the system, we can use the
hostname command to check that effectively the hostname has been changed successfully.
This example has shown how to change the hostname for our system. We have seen two different ways: using the
hostname command, which applies the changes instantly, but that won’t be saved if we restart the system; or modifying the configuration file for the hostname, which requires a system restart, but keeping the changes applied permanently.